Red Spots

Brown Spots on Face [Causes, Pictures & Treatment]

brown spots on face

A clear look at brown spots on face, see some case pictures and know more about causes, patches as well the treatment of facial skin brown spots.

What Causes Brown Spots on Face?

Age spots are the outcome of an excess production of the dark pigmentation in the skin also known as melanin, or skin pigment.

Doctors and dermatologists don’t always know why age spots come about.

Skin aging, sun exposure, or any other forms of ultraviolet light exposure like tanning beds, are all possible reasons.

You’re most likely to develop the age spots on the parts of the skin that receive the most of the sun exposure, including:

  • the face
  • your upper back
  • your shoulders
  • your forearms
  • the back of your hands

Persons of all ages, sex, or even race can be able to develop age spots. However, age spots are very common in people who have certain risk factors that include:

  • being older than 35 years old
  • having fairer skin
  • having a history of more frequent sun exposure
  • having a history of more frequent tanning bed usage and exposure

Brown Spots on Skin

Regardless of a person’s ethnic background or even skin color, at the end most of the people will struggle from some kind of brown pigmentation problem that affects them.

Before a look at any other available option for the skin’s brown color or various ashen skin discolorations.

Find out what the options that are at the best chance of working and learn of the important role daily sun protection plays. Read more about brown spots on skin.

Does vitamin C remove brown and black spots on face?

Despite the marketing hype that is often talked of to a single ingredient that gets rid of brown skin, studies are clear that use of a range of beneficial ingredients is always the best for keeping the skin at its healthiest state.

There are some exceptions though on certain ingredients that.

Whether it should be included among a mix of skin crucial ingredients or in a concentrated form of treatment, are among a select few concerns that can be able to treat multiple skincare concerns.

Vitamin C is one of such good example.

What can vitamin C do?

Vitamin C is able to provide potent antioxidant protection for brown spots on face thus shielding skin entirely from the damaging free radicals that are responsible in promoting premature aging.

The most abundant and available form of free-radical damages are daily environmental factors people can’t be able to escape like the sun damage.

Pollution as well as oxygen that assault skin on a day to day basis, but that’s where topical vitamin C can be able to help.

Ascorbic Acid and Brown Spots

Ascorbic acid—also called L-ascorbic acid—contains the most study of any form of vitamin C when it comes to benefits to the skin. For that particular reason, ascorbic acid is the best form of vitamin C that is used in a well formulated and most of the skincare products.

When properly formulated, it assists to create a younger and firmer skin while at the same time fading signs of the sun damage and the post-acne marks on the face.

Ascorbic acid is also a known powerhouse when carefully mixed with other antioxidants, or when used alone in much higher concentrations, like 15% or even 20% or greater.

The amounts that are great for treatment of extra-stubborn concerns like the brown spots on face.

Brown spots on face that is from past breakouts are not called scars that means skin has been injured and attempted to heal rather, they’re skin areas of what is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Although the brown spots on face can last up to one year or longer, how they are formed and the fact that they in the long run go away shows why they’re not scars.

Actual acne scars result from damage to the skin’s underlying support structure, thus leaving an indention area in skin that changes form and its texture and thus responds minimally.

Brown and Dark Spots on Face Treatment

how to get rid of brown spots on your face

How to Get Rid of Brown Spots on Your Face?

There are several over-the-counter creams that are found and are marketed for removal of the age spots.

The creams are not as strong as the prescription creams. They may or may not be very effective in removing the excess skin pigmentation.

If a person want to use the over-the-counter cream, choose the one that has hydroquinone, glycolic acid, alpha hydroxyl acid, or even kojic acid.

Alternatively the following treatments can help.

  1. 1. Use only a well-formulated and gentle skin-care products

    It’s very tempting to try the abrasive scrubs and even all manner of the aggressive treatments in a good and desperate effort to reduce acne discolorations. But the available irritation that they generate only leads to more harm that impedes the skin’s ability to heal on itself. Many of the brown spots on face scrubs can tear into the skin and thus delaying healing process and products associated with irritating ingredients like the SD alcohol and the menthol also stops healing. All prescribed products are formulated to be very gentle and are all free of any irritants; you’ll therefore find other recommended options over the counter.

  2. 2. Use a BHA exfoliant daily

    The importance of a well-formulated beta hydroxy acid, active ingredient salicylic acid exfoliant that is used daily not only to exfoliate the surface of the skin but also penetrating of the oil so it can be able to reach inside the skin pore, dissolves the clogs that lead to skin breakouts. BHA is also a perfect potent anti-inflammatory that is able to reduce redness and brownness of the skin. Thus, in a single step, you can reduce the likelihood of developing brown spots on face and a skin breakout and you speed the process of fading of the post-acne marks the skin has now.

  3. 3. Use a broad-spectrum SPF of at least 30 product every day

    Unprotected exposure to the sun’s UV light that will get into the skin whether it’s on a sunny or a cloudy day hurts the skin’s ability to heal, which implies that the red marks from the acne will always stick around longer. UV exposure destroys skin cells and the skin’s immune defenses even if you aren’t tanning, making skin’s natural healing processes to be slower and more or less efficient. Protecting the skin from harmful UV exposure every other day is crucial to fading of the discolorations. Plus it helps to keep the skin healthier- and even younger-looking for longer.

  4. 4. Use products full of antioxidants and especially use of vitamin C and all the cell-communicating ingredients such as retinol

    Those two categories of crucial ingredients as well as antioxidants including cell-communicating ingredients that helps to defend the skin from further skin damage, while also communicating with the cells to assist them increase their ability to repair skin damages.

The result is only reduced inflammation with a shorter healing period for the discolorations.

Using something like a toner, a serum, and even a moisturizer that is formulated with different varieties of these ingredients and in a stable packaging (no jars or clear containers should be used) is the best way to get their skin-repairing benefits.

  • Microdermabrasion or also known as old-fashioned dermabrasion are the options, but have much great risks that can lead to damage of the skin than the laser treatments options or even higher-strength AHA peels and the results aren’t much impressive.

You can still consider a series of other micro needling treatment options, assuming you have it performed by a trained professional, rather than doing it by yourself.

Some dermatologists offer what is known as fat transplantation for raising more acne scars.

Such types of treatments are performed in a series of two important parts, the first is obtaining the fat and then preparing it for implantation, the second being the actual process to improve the look of the scar.

Full results may be seen in about six months.

Each of the options described in the above information has its advantages and disadvantages, so it is crucial to discuss the m carefully with the dermatologist.

And don’t be surprised if the dermatologist suggests more than one expected treatment, as some types of indented acne scars require this in order to give you with the best expected result.

After all, if you’re going to spend the money on such processes, you want to keep disappointments at minimal as much as possible

How to Get Rid of Brown and Age Spots on Face, Naturally, Fast – Home Remedies

brown spots before and after removal

Brown Spots Before and After Removal

The following remedies can help in the removal of brown spots on face.

Lemon Juice

Lemon juice contains both bleaching properties and lightening properties that can help do away with brown spots.

Also, it helps to maintain soft, clear and very beautiful skin.

  • Simply use fresh lemon juice by applying directly on the affected area. Leave it on for about 30 minutes before rinsing it off using cold water. Repeat the remedy at least two times daily for about a period of two months so as to notice positive results. If however you have sensitive skin, dilute the lemon juice using pure water, rose water or even honey.
  • Another option available is to mix enough sugar in lemon juice so as to make a thick paste and use it to scrub on the face, especially on the brown spots. Finally, rinse it off after about 5 to 10 minutes. Do this about 3 times a week. You can also as recommended add some olive oil in this recipe.


Buttermilk also has lactic acid that helps in exfoliation of the skin to get rid of blemishes and brown spots without drying out the skin.

  • Apply buttermilk on the brown spots by use of a cotton ball. Leave it on for only about 10 minutes before washing the area using pure water. If you have either oily skin or even acne, you can then add a little of lemon juice to the buttermilk.
  • Another option available is by mixing four teaspoons of buttermilk to two teaspoons of tomato juice in a jar and then apply the thick mixture on the affected parts of the skin.

Repeat any of these mentioned remedies at least once or twice daily until you are satisfied with the results

Castor Oil

Castor oil contains a strong healing properties that can be applied effectively to do away with brown spots on face or age spots.

Together with castor oil, you can also use vitamin E oil, coconut oil, some olive oil or even almond oil to get rid of brown spots.

  1. Use a small cotton ball to slowly apply castor oil especially on the affected area.
  2. Gently and slowly massage the affected area for a few minutes.
  3. Leave the castor oil on for a few hours and then wash it off using cold water.
  4. Do this once in the morning and repeat the process once at night to help the brown spots go away and make the skin tone more even.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is a very effective remedy for a good number of skin problems that includes brown spots.

It helps to dry out and the fading of the spots faster.

  • Dilute some apple cider vinegar with an equal amount of water. You can also add some honey. Apply this solution on the brown spots and wash it off using cold water after a few minutes. Do this process once daily for a few days or until you get the desired results. You can use straight apple cider vinegar also, but it may a bit sting.
  • Alternative option is to mix one-half teaspoon of apple cider vinegar into a few tablespoons of the orange juice. Apply it on the affected skin parts and leave it on until it dries completely before washing it off the skin. Repeat the process once or twice daily for about four to five weeks.

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera has good healing properties as well as whitening of the skin and helps in skin regeneration.

So, it is perfect for getting rid of any brown spots, especially when brought about by sun exposure.

  • Gently rub some fresh aloe vera gel on the brown spots. Leave it on the skin parts for about 30 minutes before washing the affected area using cold water. Repeat the process twice daily and within a few weeks you should notice improvement.
  • If fresh aloe vera gel is not found, you can opt for aloe vera juice that is readily bought from the market.


Sandalwood is an anti-aging agent and also an antiseptic that can helps get rid of hyperpigmentation and reduce brown spots.

  • You can make homemade pack of sandalwood with three tablespoons of sandalwood powder, three teaspoons of rose water, and one teaspoon each of a mixture of  glycerin and lemon juice. Apply this pack on the spots and allow it to dry naturally. Use cold water to wash it off. Repeat a few times a week until your brown spots disappear.
  • Another option is to add at least one tablespoon of some orange juice, one teaspoon of lemon juice and the available contents of two vitamin E capsules in a few tablespoons of sandalwood powder. Mix the paste well and then apply it gently on the face. Leave the paste on for about half an hour before washing it off. Do this process a few times a week for a few weeks until you see improvement.
  • Also, massage the affected skin parts with a few drops of sandalwood oil that is mixed in one tablespoon of olive oil or even almond oil, repeat daily before going to bed and leave the paste on overnight for effective removal of brown spots on face.

Further references

  1. Age spots:
  2. 5 ways to Fade Age Spots:
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