What causes white bumps in mouth? Explore on the reasons for small bumps in mouth, sore throat, and canker sores in adults, baby and how to get rid.
White Bumps in Mouth
White bumps that occur in your mouth may result from different illness and health conditions. Such bumps can appear anywhere in the mouth, but some of the most common places include gums, inner cheeks, bottom of the mouth, tongue and lips.
Although some bumps are usually as a response to an allergen, but they may be sexually transmitted on the other cases. As per the causes, the symptoms of the white bumps in the mouth usually vary from each person.
Bumps in the mouth that looks like pimples may be caused by a few possible conditions like food allergies or irritations. In numerous occasions they may resolve on their own, but you will need to see your doctor for diagnosis for those bumps that persist for a long period of time or becomes worse over time.
White Bumps in Mouth Causes
The following are major causes of white mouth bumps:
You may develop a bump in your mouth after being burned after drinking or eating food that was too hot or even very cold drinks. Bumps in the mouth may also be resulted from irritation caused by eating overly spicy, salty or sour foods.
Make sure the temperature of your food or drink is right before taking it. Avoid certain irritating foods. Bumps in mouth from burns will usually go away on their own. Or you may have to use some pain relievers.
These are ulcer like bumps that appear at the base of your gums, tongue, roof of the mouth and in the inner surface of the cheeks and lips. The exact cause for these sores is not known, but they are believed to be triggered by food allergies, hormonal changes, menstrual periods, poor diet and stress or even traumas in the mouth.
These bumps will usually resolve on their own within a few weeks. However, you may apply an over-the-counter product, rinse your mouth with salt water or mouth wash and avoid spicy foods to relieve your discomfort. See your doctor if the canker sores will not go away after a given period of time.
These are white bumps in mouth that usually develop on the inner surface of the lips cheeks, the tongue, and the roof or floor of the mouth. They are thin, painless, and appear as fluid-filled sacs. They are believed to be associated with sucking the lips between the teeth and tissue trauma from piercings or irritation from the rings.
These kind of bumps will spontaneously rupture, draining on their own. If they cause great discomfort, your doctor may drain them using a sterile needle.
Oral Lichen Planus
These are also white bumps in mouth caused by inflammation of the mucous membranes in the mouth. The inflammation causes bumps or lines to develop inside the cheeks or sides of the tongue, which may be triggered by liver disease, allergies and certain vaccines and medications.
The bumps may go away on their own without treatment but you can talk to your doctor if the bumps persist or if you experience pain. Treatment will include retinoid and corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
These are bumps caused by inflamed papillae and may be found where taste buds are usually located. They may be inflamed because of injury from burning the tongue with hot food or drinks or accidental biting your tongue.
These bumps often will heal on their own without treatment. You can avoid injuries on your tongue by observing the temperatures of food or drinks you put in your mouth. Also over the counter painkillers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be taken to relieve pain.
Bumps in mouth from cold sores usually start as blisters, and can sometimes be extremely painful. The blisters stay for some time and then crust over. They are usually caused by the herpes simplex virus and passed from person to person through shared utensils, a kiss or other close contact.
It may involve the use of over the counter ointments and creams which may speed healing and alleviate pain as well.
This is a yeast infection of the mucus membrane lining your tongue and mouth. Candida is a fungus that is naturally found in your mouth. This usually happen when the immune system is weakened and fails to keep it in check, the overgrowth of Candida, leading to thrush.
The bumps usually goes away after a few weeks, but eating yogurt and taking OTC medications can accelerate the healing process. Brushing your mouth with a diluted hydrogen peroxide solution can help clear a thrush infection. In severe conditions, your doctor may prescribe stronger medications to clear the infection.
White Bumps in Mouth and Sore Throat
A sore throat is usually hurting, especially when you try to swallow something, and can as well feel dry and scratchy. Sore throat usually is accompanied by other symptoms, depending on what the underlying cause is.
For example, you may realize some white bumps in mouth or in the throat and even with minor cold flu symptoms too. Some of these symptoms may resolve on their own or you may need to use some antibiotics to clear the infection.
Symptoms of sore throat
If your throat feel sore and swollen, having trouble in breathing or swallowing, you have to see your doctor. However here are some of the other symptoms with the related cases:
For strep throat
- Abdominal pain
- Difficulty swallowing foods
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- White patches/spots on back of throat or tonsils
- Bad breath from the mouth
- Difficulty swallowing or pain when swallowing
- Swollen or tender lymph nodes in neck
- Laryngitis, or loss of voice
- Occasional abdominal pain in small children
- Vomiting for severe cases
- Painful white bumps in mouth and on the tongue, gums, hard palate, and inside cheeks, as well as on the palms of hands and bottoms of feet
- If the Coxsackie virus has caused herpangina, an infection of the throat will result, which causes red-ringed blisters and whitish ulcers on the tonsils and soft palate
- Irritability in infants and toddlers
- Rash that starts on the neck and face and spreads down the body
- White coating on tongue
- Red throat, sometimes with white patches
- Swollen or tender lymph nodes in neck
- Nausea and vomiting in some cases
Unlike the strep throat or the common sore throat, epiglottitis symptoms are more severe and life-threatening. They include:
- Sore throat
- Difficulty swallowing and breathing
- General state of panic and anxiety
- Bluish skin or lips maybe due to lack of breath
Cluster of Small White Bumps in Mouth
What causes white spots in the mouth? Can these white dots be due to canker sores, HPV STD, milia, oral thrush, herpes, oral cancer, Fordyce spots or mucous cysts? You need to know the causes of white spots that can be on your upper, lower, inner mouth or along your lip line and on the corner of your mouth. When you are able to know the causes, treatment will be very easy.
White Bumps in Mouth no Pain
There are times you may develop a bump in your mouth that is not painful at all. These kind of bumps are mostly known as mucous cysts. They have a norm of appearing on the inside of lower lip, but they can just form anywhere in the mouth.
Mucous cyst are usually thin and painless and usually appear as fluid- filled sacs that will crust and drain away after some days. These kind of cysts are known to be caused by sucking of the lips in between the teeth and tissue trauma from lip piercings.
How to treat mucous cysts
These kind of white bumps in mouth will rapture and drain away on their own without any treatment. If the condition cause you discomfort and won’t go away after some time, you may need to see your doctor for clear advice.
White Bumps in Mouth on Gums
Bumps that form on the gums are usually a mild and usually disappear after some time, but is very important to be cautious to make sure that the bumps in mouth are not from cancer or tumour. In severe case that the bumps or lumps that may appear to be cancerous, the doctor will remove them by surgery.
Causes Bumps on Gums
There are three common conditions that may result bump on the gum and they include infection, injuries or canker sores. Some are associated with pain while others are painless. The following are some of the main causes:
Tooth infections are the most common reason that lead to a small white bumps on the gums. An infection in the tooth may occur due to trauma, a decayed tooth and dental chronic abscess. These kind of problems can leave behind a bump on the gum that may appear whitish in colour.
Gingivitis, as a serious tooth problem, which is commonly noticed with small hard bumps on gums. It can also cause a swelling and frequent bleeding. When in this state, it is important to visit your doctor to ascertain the condition and offer treatment thereafter.
From Canker Sores:
These ulcers usually appear inside your mouth and they are usually painful. In some case, they might have a white coating on the tip. Canker sores are usually caused by several conditions such as, bad diet, food allergy, stress and even menstrual cycle.
There are other conditions that can get white bumps in mouth. For some people, they will develop a bump on gum after a tooth extraction or wearing tooth braces.
White Bumps in Mouth of Baby
Oral thrush is a condition caused by a fungal infection, and can cause white lesions on the lips, mouth, gums, or tonsils of an infant. When these lesions are on your baby’s inner and outer lips, the lesions can appear patchy.
Oral thrush in babies
Although there are many other strains that can cause oral thrush, candida albicans is the common strain of yeast associated with oral thrush especially in who use corticosteroids, birth control pills or antibiotics.
This problem in babies is caused by a transfer from the mother through breast feeding. The mouth of the baby may develop white spots that appear on the lips and on the tongue. It may require that you visit your paediatrician who may advice on the right way to handle the situation.
White Bumps in Mouth and Throat
Bumps that appear on the back of your throat are known as sub epithelial lymphoid tissue. These tissues protect you from infections and are normally found in the throat and mouth. They may appear as bumps when you have an infection in this area and will return to normal once the infection is over.
What causes white bumps in mouth and throat
Caused by Strep throat
This is a condition that is common in children and teenagers, although, adults also get it. As it is caused by bacteria, this is a contagious infection with symptoms such as white spots on the tonsils, fever, fatigue, throat pain, difficulty swallowing and headaches. The condition can cause major complications such as kidney inflammation if it is left untreated.
Is a condition that causes calcium deposits to form at the back of the throat in the small crevices of the tonsils. It is either caused by bacteria, mucus or un-swallowed food particles. The calcium deposits differ in sizes, but they are often very painful. Other symptoms of tonsil stones include bad breath, difficulty swallowing and a metallic taste.
Caused by Tonsillitis
Is a bacterial or viral infection that causes white bumps in throat, swollen tonsils, pain, difficulty swallowing and fever. Swelling of the lymphatic system is sometimes noticed at the side of the neck.
Caused by Candidiasis
Usually occur with throat, a burning sensation in the mouth, and difficulty swallowing. This disease is caused by the yeast infection. Although rare, this condition is often seen in people with a weaken immune system.
This is a condition that is associated with chronic fatigue, white spots on the throat, and swollen tonsils and lymph nodes. It is a viral infection that can easily spread to others through the sharing of utensils and food, and can lead to more serious complications such as an enlarged spleen.
White Bumps in Mouth from Dipping
Dipping is form of tobacco use whereby the snuff – powdered tobacco, is put in between the lower lip and the gum. The tobacco is then absorbed in the bloodstream making the user to get high at a fast rate as compared to the smoking one. As the tobacco is placed in the mouth, it has harsh elements that may cause irritation in the mouth resulting to white bumps in between gums and cheeks and even on the tongue.
Effects of dipping in mouth
Smokeless tobacco use has numerous effects in your mouth. Those who chew and snuff tobacco are on the danger of developing the following bumps in the mouth:
Cancer: dipping is a cancer causing agent, also called carcinogen. Cancer is most likely to form where the smokeless tobacco is held in the mouth, but it may also include areas on the lips, tongue, cheek, and throat. This can be seen with white bumps in mouth or even hard bumps with the color of the skin.
Leukoplakia: dipping will also cause the user to develop a condition in which white spots form on the gums, inside of the cheeks, and sometimes on the tongue. It can be caused by the irritation from the tobacco juice, and the disorder can be termed as precancerous. It is therefore important to consult your doctor if the bumps in mouth does not heal within few weeks.
Gum and tooth disease: chewing or dipping tobacco may permanently discolors teeth, cause halitosis – bad breath and cause tooth loss. The tobacco contains much sugar which forms an acid that may eat away the tooth enamel, causing cavities and mouth sores that appear as white patches in mouth. Moreover, its direct and repeated contact with the gums may cause them to recede.
How to Get Rid of White Bumps in Mouth
White bumps that occur on the top, side and bottom of the mouth are normally resulted from different mouth conditions. This happens when too much acid from foods or a puncture and irritates the mouth surface and causes a small infection. These usually go away on their own, but in other cases you may require doctor’s attention.
How to remove white bumps in mouth
Rinse your mouth with warm salt water two to three times daily. This helps reduce swelling and pain, while the salt promotes drying of the pus that is trapped in the bumps.
Put on a small dab of milk of magnesia onto the bump to soothe irritation and neutralize the acid in the mouth. This will prevents further damage to the bumps.
Try to eat soft foods during the healing process, and avoid foods and drinks that are highly acidic. These foods and drinks can further irritate and inflame the infection while worsening the pain.
Apply a numbing gel used for teething babies to the affected area. This provides temporary pain relief, while forming a protective coating around the white bumps in mouth. It also helps promote healing while keeping further irritation away.
Treatment of oral pimples
Treating mouth bumps is much more difficult than treating acne present on the face and the body. This is because the outbreak is in the mouth, you cannot use typically over-the-counter acne medicine such as a blemish cream or toning lotion, as these medications cannot be ingested. If you try to pop your oral pimples it is strongly advised not to.
You can relieve the discomfort and get rid of the pimple quicker, by using a few simple home remedies.
Use of salt water or baking soda
Use a baking soda rinse or salt water to get rid of pimples on roof of your mouth. This will help to numb the bump and reduce the pain caused by it.
Hydrogen peroxide solution
It is an anti-bacterial agent that will diminish the amount of bacteria present in your mouth and help the white bumps in mouth heal. The canker sore should go away in about three-four days if you do it twice every day.
Essential oils as a cure for pimples on roof of mouth
Homemade numbing spray
Eucalyptus and peppermint essential oil both have anti-inflammatory properties, while also working as anti-microbial astringents to help tighten tissues around the pimple, relieving further discomfort caused by tenderness or potential bacterial build up.
Clove oil cotton ball
It contains eugenol, a powerful painkiller, and has been used to provide relief to patients. Eugenol is still used widely today, although in a pure extracted form, but clove oil remains useful for treating oral pain ranging from toothaches to oral bumps.
Prescription mouth rinse
You can use over-the-counter painkillers, or apply benzocaine gels onto pimples if they become more inflamed and painful.
Use a numbing spray or suck on ice chips. Try to hold them over the white bumps in mouth, allowing them to melt over the affected area. Ice helps numb the pain and reduces inflammation.
Treatment of oral cancer will depends on your cancer’s stage and location, as well as your general personal health. You may have just one type of therapy, or you may need a combination of cancer treatments. Discuss your options with your oncologist to come up with an excellent solution.